What is Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, or AIS, refers to am abnormal curvature of the spine, appearing in late stage childhood or even early teens. Rather than growing in a straight line, with one vertebra on top of the other, the spine develops a side-to-side curve usually appearing similar to the letter “S”, or the letter “C”. The vertebra that make up the spine will also be slightly twisted and possibly be rotated.
Who is most likely to suffer from AIS?
The most common time for AIS to appear in children is during the time of their first adolescent growth spurt, when children often grow a number of inches rapidly, over the course of only a few months. This can be an issue for most children, however, in some the abnormal curve is stable. In more severe cases of AIS, the curve becomes progressively worse over time and can cause intense pain in the patient.
Doctors have found that AIS occurs at the same rate in both boys and girls, however, for girls it has a tendency to be more intense and the spinal curve tends to be more pronounced and painful.
Difference Between AIS and General Scoliosis
Scoliosis can occur as a feature of other conditions, including a variety of genetic syndromes. However, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis typically occurs by itself, without signs and symptoms affecting other parts of the body.
Mild forms of scoliosis generally doesn’t cause many issues to daily life. Individuals generally won’t have any pain, aside from occasional discomfort, they won’t have any issues with their movement, nor will they have breathing issues. However, for more severe AIS the opposite is true. Some of the most common signs of AIS are:
- A tilt to one side, in the patient’s stance or gate.
- Uneven shoulders, hips, or waist.
- Having one leg appear longer than the other.
- Being able to see the pronounce abnormal curve in the spine.
If your child may be suffering from scoliosis in any form be sure to contact Dr. Roger Widmann today.