Syndromic scoliosis is a form of scoliosis which occurs as a byproduct of any number of syndromic diseases, both genetic and non-genetic disorders. Common disorders which cause syndromic scoliosis are Marfan Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and other connective tissue disorders, like muscular dystrophy. One of the issues with identifying syndromic scoliosis is that there are rarely any specific symptoms that may serve as identifying markers. Also, syndromic scoliosis patients rarely exhibit pain, but may have a tendency towards moderate to severe discomfort, or the inhability to sit or stand properly.
Generally, in order to identify syndromic scoliosis especially in children, Dr. Widmann will order the patient to be screened for certain underlying syndromes that are commonly known to cause scoliosis – once the right syndrome or disorder is found, only then will the screening process for scoliosis begin. Usually, patients are MRI’d or X-Ray’d periodically, checking for changes in the spine’s curvature over time in order to understand the progression.